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Treatment of Varicose veins includes the following options:

Varicose veins need not trouble you anymore. There are millions of people in India suffering from varicose vein but avoid treatment purely because they are unaware of solutions that exist to cure their suffering. Varicose vein treatment in Pune is now possible without painful surgery and that too with the most minimal incisions. This treatment is called EVLT – EndoVenous Laser Treatment and it is the most popular treatment for varicose veins the world over. Let’s first understand what varicose veins are.

Surgical treatment

Varicose Veins Before 05

Veins Stripping or Ligation

 The Veins carry blood throughout our body. In our legs these veins carry blood from the heart to the feet. As we walk, the veins help blood to flow from the heart to the feet. But when we stand blood should not flow backwards to the heart and that is normally controlled by valves in the veins in our legs. These valves only allow one-way blood flow and close to prevent backward flow. When the valves fail, there is backward blood flow which results in very high venous pressure. Since veins have very thin walls, this high pressure causes significant stretching and elongation – resulting in the formation of varicose and spider veins. These veins are usually twisted, knotted and bulging cause a great deal of pain and discomfort. Varicose veins cause itching, pain, and long time ignorance can also lead to ulcers. Traditional surgery for varicose veins included stripping of vein or vein ligation, which is a painful and long procedure. Stripping includes removing all or part of the sapheneous vein and involves multiple incisions. These incisions are made on the affected vein, and the vein is tied up to cut off the flow of blood to the varicose vein. Vein stripping is a very grim treatment as the upper end of the vein is tied up and vein is then stripped or pulled out. However, this painful treatment is history now. With EVLT technology, varicose vein treatment is easier, and the least invasive and painful.

Non-Surgical Treatment

The non-surgical treatment for Varicose Veins involves Elevation and Compression Garment.


Chronic Venous Insufficiency

Chronic venous insufficiency or CVI is one of the symptoms that can warn you to consult doctor about potential varicose veins. Chronic venous insufficiency or CVI is a condition when vein valves are weakened or do not work properly. Weakened valves cause improper blood circulation, swelling and extreme pressure in veins. This further leads to blood clotting in the veins. CVI causes clotting or pooling of blood, which is known as stasis.

If chronic venous insufficiency is not treated well in a time, the swelling in the vein will keep growing and capillaries in the legs could burst. Burst capillaries damage internal tissues and cause inflammation of local tissues, which further leads to venous stasis ulcer or open sores. Venous stasis ulcer is difficult to treat if measures are not taken in the early stage and infection spreads to surrounding tissues.


Vein inflammation causes phlebitis. Often, inflammation is accompanied by formation of a blood clot which is medically known as a thrombus. When thrombus causes improper blood circulation in veins it causes thrombophlebitis which is generally of two types. One is superficial thrombophlebitis that causes pain but does not affect health seriously. However, the other type is deep thrombophlebitis which could affect your health adversely because it infects interior blood vessels.

Thrombophlebitis could be caused by the following:

  1. Using of IV intravenous catheters (IV).
  2. Postoperative period mostly is orthopedic cases.
  3. Prolonged inactivity such as permanent disability or hospitalization.
  4. Underlying cancers or clotting disorder.
  5. Disruption of normal venous system drainage because of removal of lymph nodes. For example, after mastectomy or breast cancer.
  6. Intravenous drug use.
  7. Continuously doing same work like driving or flying plain.
  8. Patients with the burn.

Women suffer from thrombophelbitis more because of pregnancy, obesity, abdominal straining, etc. Phlebitis often includes local infection and abscess formation, blood clotting that could progress to deep venous thrombophelbitis and pulmonary embolism.

Varicose Ulcers

Varicose Veins Before 05

The negligence of varicose veins for longer period causes varicose ulcers. Elevated pressure and water logging in veins due to varicose veins is the main reason behind varicose ulcers. Aching legs and brownish pigmentations are common symptoms. It is very necessary to treat varicose veins in the early stage before it creates major problems.